Adult Preventive Care
Adult preventative care is generally defined as a pattern of nursing and medical care that focuses on disease prevention and health maintenance. It includes early diagnosis of disease, discovery and identification of people at risk of development of specific problems, counseling, and other necessary intervention to avert a health problem. Screening tests, health education, and immunization programs are common examples of preventive care.
Employers covered by federal laws against disability discrimination (over 15 employees) may require a pre-employment physical examination to determine the suitability of an individual for a job. Drug testing and physical ability tests may also be required as a condition of employment.
Pre-Employment Physical Exams
Employment physical examinations may include health inquiries and physical examinations, including psychological tests, and physical or mental health assessments. To protect against discrimination in hiring, the physical examination should be required after a job is offered. The physical examination must be related to the job the applicant will be doing.
Drug and Alcohol Tests
There are several types of drugs tests that candidates for employment may be asked to take. The types of drug tests which show the presence of drugs or alcohol include urine drug screen, hair drug or alcohol testing, saliva drug screen, and sweat drug screen.
Physical Ability Tests
Physical ability tests measure the physical ability of an applicant to perform a particular task or the strength of specific muscle groups, as well as strength and stamina in general.
A planned surgery usually involves a surgical consultation, presurgical testing, the surgery itself, and recovery at home .
During the surgical consultation, the patient meets with the surgeon or a member of the surgeon’s health care team to discuss the surgery and other potential treatment options for the patient’s medical condition. A thorough review of the patient’s medical history and a complete physical exam are performed at this time. The medical review includes an evaluation of the patient’s previous and current medical conditions, surgeries and procedures, medications, and any other health conditions, such as allergies, that may impact the surgery.
The surgical team will ensure that the patient understands the potential benefits and risks of the procedure. Patient education may include one-on-one instruction from a health care provider, educational sessions in a group setting, or self-guided learning videos or modules. Informative and instructional handouts are usually provided to explain specific pre-surgical requirements.
After attending the surgical consultation, the patient may desire to seek a second opinion to confirm the first doctor’s treatment recommendations.
Most adults and older children have several respiratory infections each year. Respiratory problems can be as minor as the common cold or as serious as pneumonia. They may affect the upper respiratory system (nose, mouth, sinuses, and throat) or the lower bronchial tubes and lungs. See a picture of the respiratory system .
The upper respiratory system includes the nose, mouth, sinuses, and throat. When you have an upper respiratory infection, you may feel uncomfortable, have a stuffy nose, and sound very congested. Other symptoms of an upper respiratory infection include:
The symptoms of a lower respiratory (bronchial tubes and lungs) problem usually are more severe than symptoms of an upper respiratory (mouth, nose, sinuses, and throat) problem.
Symptoms of lower respiratory system infections include:
- Cough, which continues throughout the day and night, often producing green, yellow, brown, or gray mucus (sputum) from the lungs.
- Fever, which may be high with some lower respiratory system infections such as pneumonia.